CBD Oil for Dogs: A Safe, Effective Approach

Dog with head out the window

It is no secret that the CBD industry is booming. People across the planet are enjoying a wide range of benefits from these hemp-derived oils. From reducing the occurrence of serious seizures to helping with everyday anxiety issues, these oils are becoming an increasingly common daily supplement.

What many don't realize is that the same therapeutic benefits that humans enjoy can also be enjoyed by our furry four-legged friends. Dogs have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) just like humans. Supplementing this system can help keep their bodies in balance and ward off a wide variety of ailments.

In this article, we take a complete look at the potential benefits and how to safely introduce your dog to CBD.

While these animal-focused benefits extend beyond just dogs, in this article we are going to focus on canines specifically as cats, horses, and other pets interact with CBD differently.

A Brief Overview of Hemp-Derived CBD Oil

Before we dive in, we want to provide a little context. If you already understand what CBD oil is, you can skip this section. If you're brand new, keep reading!

CBD oil is the term used to describe the oil-based hemp extract that is used to create a wide range of products. This same term is also commonly used to describe CBD tinctures, one of the most common product types available.

Unlike marijuana, the hemp that these products are sourced from carries only trace amounts of the high-inducing cannabinoid THC. This means that CBD products are non-psychoactive and are thus freely sold across the USA and some parts of the world.

These hemp sourced oils contain a wide range of cannabis-specific compounds that have been widely studied. Through modulation of the ECS, these chemicals carry an array of potential health benefits for both humans and animals.

This basic overview will provide plenty of context to carry you through the rest of the article. That being said, if you'd like to dive deeper into the world of CBD, be sure to check out our beginner's guide.

CBD Oil & Dogs: Potential Benefits & Uses

Happy white dog

As we mentioned in the introduction, dogs have an endocannabinoid system just like humans. This means that the same potential benefits that humans may enjoy can be shared by canines as well.

Some of the most notable use cases that pet owners look to CBD oil for include:

  • Allergies
  • Anxiety & fear
  • Appetite loss and digestive problems
  • Arthritis, joint, and mobility issues
  • Cancer & tumors
  • Glaucoma
  • Inflammation reduction
  • Nausea reduction
  • Pain relief
  • Seizures, epilepsy, and spasms
  • Skin issues

Dog-Specific CBD Research

While it's not hard to find plenty of anecdotal evidence supporting the effectiveness pet-specific CBD use for the conditions above, dog-specific research is minimal.

Frontiers in Veterinary Science, a leading animal-focused journal, published the first study its kind in July 2018. The trial, entitled Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs, provided some remarkable results: more than 80% of the dogs in the study enjoyed significant decreases in pain levels and improved mobility.

This PDF, published by the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) outlines current signs that CBD is safe for dogs, and points to future clinical trials that aim to study the specific medical benefits.

Despite the current lack of research, signs that CBD is safe for use in pets and the volumes of anecdotal evidence supporting the benefits casts a positive light on the situation. These signals have attracted an ever-increasing number of dog owners to give pet specific CBD products a try.

Types of CBD Products for Dogs

Pet CBD Tincture

While in theory dogs could consume many of the CBD products designed for humans, there are some risks going this route. Human products may contain ingredients that are unhealthy for animals, and the more potent concentrations make dosing tricky.

Luckily as a dog owner, there is a wide range of animal-specific formulations that are designed to be easy to dose and safe to consume for dogs. The most common types of CBD pet products include:

  • Tinctures
  • Capsules
  • Treats

Products like capsules and treats can be convenient and easy to dose, while tinctures give you more control, flexibility - often at a lower price.

Cannabis Content: Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum & CBD Isolate

In addition to the product type, its also to consider the cannabis content of your selected CBD product. Just as with human products, animal products come in full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate form.

The general idea is that a whole-plant approach to hemp extraction is ideal. In practice, this means that full spectrum products will offer the most potential benefits including additive and synergistic benefits of consuming the full range of cannabis components. On the other end of the spectrum, CBD isolates will only provide the specific benefits that cannabidiol offers.

As it does with humans, the conversation around spectrum hinges on THC consumption. Rather than the human concerns with drug testing, the concern with all animals and the consumption of THC is health and safety related.

Dive deeper into the topic of spectrums in our guide to hemp extracts.

Can Dogs Safely Consume THC?

THC Molecule with Marijuana in Background

It is commonly agreed by veterinarians that giving your dog an intoxicating dose of THC (the intoxicating chemical compound found in high-concentrations in marijuana) is not recommended.

Just as with humans, there are well documented negative side effects that occur when high doses of THC are consumed by dogs. From mild sluggishness and excessive saliva production to low blood pressure, and slowed heart rate - the side effects vary by dosage.

What is rarely talked about are the potential benefits of canine THC consumption at non-intoxicating levels. The trace amounts found in a full-spectrum CBD product very well may offer unique benefits.

The endocannabinoid system in a dog shares many similarities to the system in humans. With the well-studied medicinal benefits of THC consumption in humans, it is unlikely that then somehow the same compound is toxic to dogs at appropriate dosages.

With the lack of available research and potentially stigmatized view of THC and animals, ultimately the decision comes to the pet owner. Those who choose to supplement their pet with a full spectrum product containing trace amounts of THC should do so cautiously with special attention paid to accurate dosing.

For those who don't wish to manage the risks, broad-spectrum products offer a THC-free option. Companies like Joy Organics, offer full spectrum products that have been stripped of only the THC. This preserves the entourage-enabled benefits of whole-plant CBD products, providing a superior alternative to an isolate-based product.

CBD Dosage Guidelines for Dogs

Graduated CBD Dropper Tincture for Pets

With an understanding of the types of dog-specific CBD products available and what is in those products, the last piece of the puzzle is determining an appropriate, safe dosage for your pet.

Because a dog carries a higher number of cannabinoid receptors in their ECS, the dosages will be much lower than for humans. The following formulas will help you determine the correct dosage based on your dog's weight:

  • Low Dose: .025 mg per lb - .055 mg per kg
  • Medium Dose: .07 mg per lb - .15 mg per kg
  • High Dose: .15 mg per lb - .33 mg per kg

Most often these dosages are given twice per day, once in the morning and once at night.

Each condition is different, each dog is different, but the approach to finding the ideal dose remains be the same. Just as we recommend with humans, when finding an ideal dose of CBD oil, less is more.

When starting your dog on a CBD regimen, we recommend starting low and going slow.

Use the following chart to get a rough idea of the dosage levels your pet will require. Once you find the general dosage, be sure to calculate the specific dosage for your needs using the above formulas:

Pet Weight Low Dose Medium Dose High Dose
5-15 lbs / 2.3-6.8 kg 0.125-0.375 mg 0.35-1.05 mg 0.75-2.25 mg
15-25 lbs / 6.8-11.3 kg 0.375-0.625 mg 1.05-1.75 mg 2.25-3.75 mg
25-50 lbs / 11.3-22.7 kg 0.625-1.25 mg 1.75-3.5 mg 3.75-7.5 mg
50-75 lbs / 22.7-34 kg 1.25-1.875 mg 3.5-5.25 mg 7.5-11.25 mg
75-100 lbs / 34-45.4 kg 1.875-2.5 mg 5.25-7 mg 11.25-15 mg
100+ lbs / 45.4+ kg 2.5+ mg 7+ mg 15+ mg

Potential Side Effects & Interactions

Dog on couch resting

Although CBD is generally safe for use in dogs, just as with any medication there are potential side effects. Again, these side effects can be compared with the effects observed in humans.

When it comes to CBD oil, the potential side effects vary depending on the spectrum. As we discussed above, consuming THC in a full spectrum product carries most of the potential side effects including dry mouth, lower blood pressure, and drowsiness.

Consuming a broad-spectrum or isolate-based product likely carries fewer potential side effects.

Using the appropriate dosages we've outlined above, common side effects should be minimal at most. Regardless, be sure to watch closely in the initial supplementation stages and adjust dosage as needed.

Perhaps the most serious consideration should be to consider interactions with other medicines your pet may be on. CBD has well-documented interactions with a wide range of pharmaceuticals in humans. If your pet is currently taking other medications, talk to your vet about drug interactions before you start using CBD for your pet.

How to Safely Begin a CBD Oil Regimen for Your Dog

Giving a dog a treat

Armed with all the information above, you're ready to begin a supplementation program for your pup.

Since vets often cannot advise you due to the legal status of CBD and/or are not educated on the subject, the following guidelines will help you safely start a supplementation program should you choose to do so:

  • Do Your Research: While we think this article is a great guide that covers everything you need to know, be sure to do whatever research you need in order to feel comfortable. You alone are responsible for the safety of your animal.
  • Choose a Reputable Supplier: Choosing a great brand for your pet is done using the same processes as choosing a human supplement. Follow our guide to choosing a great CBD company or browse our recommended brands list for convenient suggestions. We do suggest looking for pet-specific formulations in order to avoid unwanted ingredients and to make dosing easier.
  • Calculate the Appropriate Dosage: Before beginning a supplementation, set your dog up for success. Calculate the appropriate dosage based on weight and set a schedule. Start low and stick to the plan.
  • Document Your Dog's Progress: Record your progress as you go, documenting dosage and reaction.
  • Adjust as Needed: As time goes on, use your documentation to adjust dosage levels, adjust scheduling, and try different products. The goal is to find just the right fit for your pooch.

What About Cats?

Dog and cat laying together

When it comes to CBD and pets, dogs are most well known for benefiting from these products. A big question for many pet owners remains: what about cats?

Unfortunately, today research for our feline friends and cannabis is sparse. What is well known is that cats respond much differently to these compounds than dogs because they metabolize these compounds differently.

That being said, there is some anecdotal evidence that cats respond well to CBD products for conditions like anxiety, pain, and arthritis. The duration of effect looks to be much shorter, and higher doses may be required.

Additional studies need to be performed to help us better understand CBD supplementation for cats.

We Want to Hear Your Story

If you've given fido CBD oil, we want to hear from you. Share your stories in the comments below!

Originally Published: November 16, 2018 | Last Updated: November 19, 2018

One comment on “CBD Oil for Dogs: A Safe, Effective Approach

  • Joe says:

    Thank you for posting another well researched article. The dosage chart in particular is very useful for anyone wanting to use CBD for treating their pets. Keep up the great writing!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Articles